Innovation and
Education

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Table. 2.

Seven dimensions of the proposed framework for strategic planning of HEIs for blended learning

Dimension Description
a. Curriculum Systematic competencies that students need to acquire through organised blended learning experiences, including relevant knowledge that students need to apply in a real-life context, and the twenty-first-century competencies.
b. Vision and policy alignment A vision is to describe an HEI’s future of learning and teaching environments and to inform the relevant policy formulation.
An HEI needs to articulate their institutional strategic plan, corresponding policies, guidelines, and mechanisms aligned with the vision to encourage students and teachers actively involved in blended learning.
c. Infrastructure, facilities, resources, hardware and support An appropriate plan for technological infrastructure, facilities and ongoing maintenances is required to support the changing learning needs.
Self-developed online resources and OERs need to be available for students and teachers.
The technical support in an HEI is necessary to ensure the implementation of blended learning.
d. Professional development Ongoing professional development in an HEI is necessary to support HEI teachers to reflect and develop their capacities on adopting blended learning in their courses. The ongoing professional development approaches and the lifelong learning culture in an HEI are necessary.
e. Student learning support Student learning support comprises of laptop/tablet loan scheme, just-in-time and customised support to guide students to learn in a blended learning environment, and develop students’ digital wisdom (Prensky, 2009).
f. Partnerships Internal and external partnerships are necessary for an HEI to promote blended learning practices; Internal partnerships need to have the collaboration among faculties, ICT-support unit, and teaching and learning support unit, as well as the inter-institutional collaboration.
External partnerships refer to the collaboration with government agencies, NGOs, as well as private-sector companies for financial and professional support.
g. Research and evaluation Research and evaluation may support an HEI in identifying and addressing the challenges and issues of blended learning adoption, and provide evidence-based feedback (e.g., learning analytics) for enhancing further blended learning implementation.

Data from Lim et al. (2019).

2022;4:~ https://doi.org/10.55396/ined.22.0002
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